How much do you know about ageing? Answer sheet

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Check your answers for our Ageing Society Pub Quiz, posted below under ‘How much do you know about ageing?’.

Round 1
Age – It’s just a number

1. ILC-UK Director David Sinclair thinks he did this at the age of 19. ILC-UK Office and Events Manager Lyndsey Mitchell did this at the age of 31. 1,268 people in Great Britain aged over the age of 61 did it for the first time this year? What did they do?
(1 point)
Took their driving tests for first time. In 2015/16 532 passed.

2. Why was the age of Christopher Craig and Derek Bentley important?
(1 point)
They were caught by London police while in the middle of a burglary. Craig shoots a police man and kills him. Bentley is Craig’s accomplice and not literate (he couldn’t read his own statement about the crime).  Bentley was aged 19 whereas Craig was aged under 18 when the crime was committed. Bentley the illiterate accomplice, was hung, and Craig ultimately released at the age of 20. 

3. In May 2016, what did Dr Henry Heimlich use for the first time at the age of 96?
(1 point)
Heimlich manoeuvre: The surgeon used the anti-choking technique that bears his name to dislodge a hamburger from woman’s airway in retirement home.

4. What was Harrison Ford doing to supplement his acting income at the age of 30?
(1 point)

5. Why did 2 polish pensioners in their late 70s hit the international news after a night out in London in May 2016?
(1 point)
They bought tickets online for Fabric nightclub, staying and dancing until 5am.

6. Who became an app developer at the age of 86, producing an app based on one of Winston Churchill’s favourite games?
(1 point)
Donald Rumsfeld

7. I was born in London. I’ve won 5 Tony Awards and 6 Golden Globes. I didn’t win my first Olivier Award until I reached the age of 89. In the 1960s, the New York Times referred to me as the “first lady of musical theatre”. I’m due to return to Broadway in the 2017–18 season to perform in a revival of Enid Bagnold’s 1955 play The Chalk Garden. Who am I?
(1 point)
Angela Lansbury

8. Replying to a letter to someone born on the same day as himself, who recently wrote ‘The older I get the less I appreciate birthdays’?
(1 point)
Prince Philip on his 95th Birthday. The letter had been written by SNP MP John McNally, who had written to Philip on behalf of his mother, Rosa.

Round 2
The state of the nation’s housing: An ILC-UK Factpack

1. What did a record 6.7 million young people do with their parents in 2014? This fell slightly to 6.6 million in 2015.
(1 point)
They lived with their parents. This fell slightly to 6.6 million in 2015. Between 1999 and 2014 the number living at home rose by 1 million.

2. Which European Country had the highest housing overcrowding rate in 2014?
(1 point)
Romania. 52% of people in Romania live in overcrowded houses. 7% of the UK population lives in overcrowded homes. 3 in ten people of Bangladeshi origin live in overcrowded homes.

3. According to the latest (2014) annual data, how many new homes were built in 2014?

a)    100,000
b)    125,000
c)    145,000
d)    195,000
(1 point)
Just 145,000 new homes. 400,000 new homes were being built during the peak building periods in the late 1960s. ILC-UK analysis has estimated that we would need 200,000 a year to keep up with population growth.

4. Are Older homeowners (aged 50+) more or less likely to be satisfied in their housing than younger homeowners (aged 16-49)?
(1 point)
More. Nearly 70% of households aged 50+ are very satisfied with their housing compared with 45% of people aged 16-49.

5. Across England, there are nearly 16 million households which are underoccupied. Which age grouping (based on head of household) underoccupies the most properties?

a)    16-34 year olds
b)    35 to 49 year olds
c)    50-64 year olds
d)    65-79 year olds
e)    80 plus
(1 point)
The highest number of under-occupied homes are headed by those aged 50-64 (4.5 million). Around 3.7 million households headed by a 65-79 year old are under occupied. Surprisingly, around 3.94 million households headed by a 35-49 year old are under occupied.

6. Over the last two years, 4% of people over the age of 50 moved home.  What was the main reason they gave for their move? Was it:

  • Financial reasons;
  • A more suitable home;
  • Health reasons;
  • To be closer to friends and family; or
  • Spit from their partner?

(1 point)
60% of those who said they wanted to move to a more suitable home described a more suitable home as a smaller one. 

7. Can you name any of the three most common problems over 50s report to have with their housing?
(1 point)

  • Shortage of space (around 25%)
  • Noise (around 25%)
  • Too cold in the winter (around 20%)

8. Over the past decade, which has grown quicker relative to existing housing stock?

a)    Specialist retirement housing
b)    General housing
(1 point)

1)    Specialist retirement housing

Over 7,000 new units a year of specialist retirement housing has been built over the last decade. This increase is equivalent to a 1.4% increase in existing stock – around double the level being achieved by the general new build housing market.According to our calculations, there could be a retirement housing gap of 160,000 homes by 2030 if current trends continue[1]. By 2050, the gap could grow to 376,000.

[1] We assume an ideal level of housing supply would match the growth rate in the over 75s. We then calculate the difference between this ideal scenario and a base case of 7,000 homes being created per annum. 

Round 3
How long will I live?

 1. According to Club Vita data from ILC-UK Partner, Hymans Robertson, by how long do we underestimate our life expectancy?

  • 2 years
  • 3 to 5 years
  • 4 to 6 years
  • 5 to 8 years

(1 point)
5 to 8 years

2. Who is reported to be the oldest man in the bible?
(1 point)
Methuselah. NB one of the most common quiz questions: but is it right? Some inconsistencies in 4 different versions of the bible. The word “Methuselarity” was coined by Aubrey de Grey to mean a future point in time when all of the medical conditions that cause human death would be eliminated and death would occur only by accident or homicide

3. According to the Daily Telegraph, what team within the DWP saw their staff numbers increase from one to seven in 2014 as a result of our ageing society?
(1 point)
DWP’s centenarian team expanded from just one official to seven members of staff. 104,000 people born during the course of the First World War are still alive in Britain today.

4. Who sent the first 100th birthday telegram in 1917?
(1 point)
King George V first sent out a message to someone on the occasion of their 100th birthday in 1917. When it was first issued, the message didn’t come from the King, but from the Private Secretary of the time on their behalf. 1 point for King George V but 2 if anyone says message came from Private Secretary. The telegram was sent alongside the diamond wedding of the then King (52) and Queen (50).

5. According to the ONS, what was the most common age for a woman to die in 2014?
(1 point)
The ONS said that the most common age for women to die last year was 89 – compared with 85 a decade earlier.

6. “When the first baby laughed for the first time, the laugh broke into a thousand pieces and they all went skipping about, and that was the beginning of fairies”

For one point each, who wrote this and in what book?
(2 part question, for 2 points)
J.M.Barrie;  (1860 to 1937) in Peter Pan – wrote at the age of 44

7. “Children have a lesson adults should learn, to not be ashamed of failing, but to get up and try again. Most of us adults are so afraid, so cautious, so ‘safe,’ and therefore so shrinking and rigid and afraid that it is why so many humans fail. Most middle-aged adults have resigned themselves to failure.”

For one point each, who wrote this and in what book?
(2 part question, for 2 points)
Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X

8. “Somebody needs to explain to me why it is that the one thing your body can suddenly do well when you get old is grow hair in your nose and ears… The other thing you can do incredibly well when you are old is grow toenails…. The worst part about ageing is the realisation that all your future is downhill. Bad as I am today, I am pretty much tip-top compared with what I am going to be next week or the week after. I recently realised with dismay that I am even too old now for early onset dementia. Any dementia I get will be right on time.”

For one point each, who wrote this and in what book?
(2 part question, for 2 points)
Bill Bryson – The Road to Little Dribbling

Round 4
ILC-UK, ‘have you been paying attention?’

1. Dr Robert Butler, founder of ILC-USA and of the ILC Global Alliance is famed with coining which age related term?
(1 point)

2. Which authors wrote a report for ILC-UK which found that “the gap in life expectancy between rich and poor is increasing for the first time since the 1870s”?
(1 point)
Professor Les Mayhew and David Smith in ‘An investigation into inequalities in adult lifespan’.

3. Research presented by ILC-UK at our Retirement Income Summit found a positive correlation between strong numeracy in old age and what activity?
(1 point)
Frequency of having sex.

4. The ILC-UK Missing Million report was launched by HRH Prince Charles in 2014. What topic was the report focused on?
(1 point)
Older workers.

5. ILC-UK is working as a partner to the National Lottery funded “Drink Wise, Age Well Programme”. Which charity, which helps people change their behaviour to become the very best that they can be, is ILC-UK working with on this initiative?
(1 point)

6. For one point each, according to ILC-UK’s “understanding retirement journeys” research, supported by Prudential, the two most common daily activities for those aged 90+ are what?
(1 point)

  • Watching television, and
  • Spending time at home alone are the most common daily activities.

7. Are the four current members of the Rolling Stones older or younger than the collective age of all ILC-UK staff present at the launch event (9 members of staff), excluding Baroness Greengross and our new Finance Manager, Michael De Val?
(1 point)

Rolling Stones = 288 years.

ILC-UK Staff (excluding Baroness Greengross and Michael De Val) = 289.

8. What is the total number of candles Baroness Sally Greengross has blown out on her birthday cakes since she was born?

(1 point)

Round 5
How will I live and how will I die?

1. What community resource used by all ages is no longer provided by local authorities in Newcastle, Merthyr Tydfil in south Wales and Wandsworth in London?
(1 point)
Public toilets – in these areas there are no council-run public toilets at all. Across the UK over the past 10 years over 1700 public toilets have closed. FoI request from the Daily Mail.

2. Prior to the death of Hanako at 69 this May, why did 470,000 “Freedom Fighters” sign a petition urging her release?
(1 point)
Hanako was described as the loneliest elephant in the world. She was a gift from the government of Thailand to Japan in 1949 and she had lived alone in a small concrete enclosure at Inokashira Park Zoo, in Tokyo, since she was two…

3. Lord Filkin Chaired the Public Service and Demographic Change Committee in 2013. What was the title of the report which the committee published?
(1 point)
Ready for Ageing

4. According to a report in the Lancet in June 2015, what proportion of the world’s population has health problems?

  • 45%
  • 65%
  • 85%, or
  • 95%

(1 point)

  • 95%

Just one in 20 people worldwide (4·3%) had no health problems in 2013, with a third of the world’s population (2·3 billion individuals) experiencing more than five ailments, according to a major new analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2013, published in The Lancet.

5. In June 2016, ex MP, Ron Atkins, achieved what only 9 other retired UK MPs had previously managed. What was this?
(1 point)
He reached the age of 100.

6. Last year in Japan, what did over 65s do 23,000 times and young people aged between 14 and 19 do 20,000 times?
(1 point)
Had action taken against them for crime by Japan’s national police agency.

7. According to a Guardian report in June this year, what happened to 12,208 people with dementia in Japan in 2015?
(1 point)
They were reported missing – an increase of 1,452 from the previous year. Most had wandered off and were found within a day to a week, but 479 were found dead and 150 have yet to be located, according to Kyodo News.

8. What did Louis Pasteur achieve at the age of 62 in 1885?
(1 point)
First injection against rabies.

Round 6
Music, sports and entertainment

1. Which artist is the oldest artist to have a UK number one? And for an additional point, what was the title of the song?
(2 points)
Tom Jones: The oldest artist to have a number 1 single is Tom Jones, who was 68 when “(Barry) Islands in the Stream” reached the top in 2009.

2. Who achieved his first number one album on the Billboard 200 at the age of 85? And for an additional point, what was the name of the album?
(2 points)
Legendary pop singer Tony Bennett achieves his first No. 1 album on the Billboard 200 with “Duets II,” making the 85-year old the oldest living act to reach No. 1.

3. Which 42-year-old, was selected last week by Team GB to be the oldest British woman to run in an Olympic Games?
(1 point)
Jo Pavey. She achieved the 10,000m qualifying time at the European Championships in Amsterdam at the beginning of July.

4. Completing the course in just over 55 seconds, 95-year-old Charles Eugster set a new record for what indoor British Masters event in London in 2015?
(1 point)
The 200 metres, in 55.48 seconds.

5. Recent international research of 2000 screenplays found that female actors aged over 65 spoke what % of the dialogue in films.

  • 20%
  • 10%
  • 5%, or
  • 3%

(1 point)

6. What was Ivy Barr’s sporting achievement in April 2016?
(1 point)
Oldest runner in 2016 London Marathon – (88 years old)

Round 7
Picture Round: Retirement housing, hotel, student accommodation or Downton Abbey?

Is the property in the photo retirement housing, a hotel, student accommodation or Downton Abbey?

1. 1

 Retirement Housing – Audley – Binswood 

2. Is the tent retirement housing, a hotel, student accommodation or Downton Abbey?2

Retirement Housing
A 71-year-old man has moved into a tent so his teenage daughters can live in his house. John Tompkins took custody of his two teenage daughters Lauren, 15, and Elise, 14, and 12-year-old son Lewis in February this year. He moved them into his one-bedroom bungalow when their mother, his ex-partner, became too ill to look after them.

3. 3

Retirement Housing – Audley, Inglewood

4. 4

 Student Accommodation – Causeway view: student housing Edinburgh Unite Students.

5. 5

Retirement Housing – McCarthy & Stone, Shore House, Swanage.
6. 6

Retirement Housing – McCarthy & Stone, Francis Court, Worcester.
7. 7

Retirement Housing – Birch Court FirstPort.
8. 8

Retirement Housing.

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